• DILDAR HAJI MUSA Lecturer, Department of surgery, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
Keywords: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy, complication, conversion, injury, gallstone, cholecystitis


Background and Objectives: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy has made a revolution in the management of symptomatic gallstone diseases. It has been widely accepted as a surgical intervention for gallstone and cholecystitis. The spectrum of complications following the presentation of this new minimally invasive surgical technique has been changed.In the present retrospective study, immediate, early, and late laparoscopy-related complications of 242 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic gallstone diseases over three years were critically and clinically evaluated.

Subject and Method: In a retrospective study, the complications of 242 patients under went laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reviewed clinically and critically.

Results From January 2015 to January 2018, 242 patients underwentlaparoscopic cholecystectomy for the symptomatic gallstone disease. The mean age of the patients was 40.12 year. Six patients were found with immediate bleeding, two caseswith post-operative cholangitis due to passed stone, two patients with late port site hernia, and one case with sub-hepatic collection (abscess), and three cases developed port site infection. The conversion to open surgery was found in three patients (1.24%) only.

Conclusions: The surgeons need to select their patients carefully, equip themselves with the required knowledge of typical procedure-related complications, and chose the best treatment for a safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy.


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How to Cite
HAJI MUSA, D. (2018). LAPAROSCOPIC CHOLECYSTECTOMY: ATHREE-YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY. Duhok Medical Journal, 12(2), 81-91. Retrieved from