IS THE TRADITIONAL KURDISH MALE BELT A PREVENTIVE OF LOW BACK PAIN AND SCIATICA?: A CASE CONTROL STUDY
Background: Low back pain (LBP) is a common complaint in general practice. There are conflicting reports about the benefit of supportive belts in the treatment and prevention of LBP. The aim of this study is to identify any possible preventive effect of the traditional male Kurdish belt (Sheteck) on LBP and sciatica.
Method: A case-control study was designed. A specially designed questionnaire was developed and filled for participants in Duhok governorate in the Kurdistan region of Iraq. Cases were patients presented with LBP, while control was aged-matched (± 5 years) apparently healthy individuals who had no LBP at least in the previous 10 years. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) was used for data management. Chi-square, Fisher’s exact, was used for calculation of the statistical significance. The mean, standard deviation (±SD), and Odd ratios were used with some clinical and general criteria.
Results: A total of 149 cases and 100 controls were participated in this study. The mean ages of cases and controls were 51.4 (±13.28) and 59.22 (±12.6), respectively. The mean duration of LBP among cases was 5.54 years (±6.17), with 47% of them have pain radiating to the leg, and around 42.9% had involved in the sciatic nerve. None of the controls had LBP or sciatica. The habit of wearing Sheteck was significantly negatively associated (P <0.001) with the absence of LBP with an Odd ratio of 0.23. The study also found that the period and duration of wearing Sheteck per day were significantly longer (P <0.001) in controls in comparison to cases. Finally, the Sheteck was almost completely protective for sciatica among cases.
Conclusion: Traditional Kurdish male belt (Sheteck) is highly protective for LBP and Sciatica.
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