• SAAD YOUNIS AGHA Assistant Professor, Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine-University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
  • BAKHTIYAR AHMED RASHEED Community Medicine, Postgraduate Student (PhD), Department of Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Keywords: Dietary habit, Duhok, , Physical activity, Youth


Background: Unhealthy dietary habit and physical inactivity are associated with higher risks for chronic morbidity and premature mortality. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence and types of dietary habits and physical activity among youths in Duhok Governorate, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2020 to January 2021 in Duhok Governorate. Systematic random sampling was used to select 729 youths (15-24 years-old), who visited Premarital Screening and Counselling Health Clinic in Duhok city. Data collection was done using questionnaires developed based on the WHO STEPwise approach to Non-Communicable Diseases surveillance.

Results: A total of 729 youth (366 males and 363 females) were interviewed, Fruit, vegetables, dairy products, and sugar-sweetened soft drinks consumption four and more times per week was (68.1%, 79.2%, 65% and 70.8) respectively, while fish consumption was (4.4%) ≥2 /week. More than half (55.8%) didn’t meet the WHO physical activity recommendations.  

Conclusions: Unhealthy dietary habits and low physical activity is highly prevalent among youths in Duhok.


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