• IMAN YOUSIF ABDULMALEK Department of Maternity Nursing Postgraduate Student, Nursing College, University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region-Iraq
  • HARJEEN RASUL MOHAMMED ALI Professor, Department of Gynecology and obstetric Medicine, College of Medicine-University of Duhok, Kurdistan Region of Iraq.
Keywords: Awareness, Cervical Cancer, Knowledge, Pap smear


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Background: Cervical cancer is a preventable disease. It is one of the most common cancers in women worldwide and it ranks as the 7th most frequent cancer among Iraqi women; Cervical cancer early detection is performed by the medical screening test, Pap smear.

Objectives: To assess the knowledge and awareness about cervical cancer prevention among women in Duhok city, it is the standard for doing an educational program to determine the differences in the pre and post-educational scores about this subject.

Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study included 120 women who attended Duhok Hospital of Obstetrics and Gynecology for any reason from the 7th of January to the 28thof April 2021, who were allocated randomly by using a structured questionnaire to gather the data.

Results: All the knowledge of interviewed women scores indicated a lack of awareness about cervical cancer and Pap smear test, (44.2%) heard about cervical cancer and only (30.8%) of them had good knowledge. In comparison (21.7%), knew that Pap smear is the primary test used for cervical cancer screening. The main reason for not doing this test was "having no physician or other health providers advice" in (95.8%) of them. In addition, it was found that beliefs and the thought that cervical cancer is a scary disease" were in (76.7%) and (75.8%) respectively.

Conclusions: The women's knowledge about cervical cancer and Pap smear was poor. These findings indicate the need to educate the women and promote their awareness. Health education programs and social media are essential in this aspect.


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