SKIN MALIGNANCIES IN DUHOK CITY; SINGLE-CENTER EXPERIENCE
Background: skin cancer is one of the most frequent cancers worldwide. There has been a significant increase in the incidence of skin cancer over recent years.
Aim of the study: is to determine the pattern of skin cancer in our locality and to emphasize the importance of complete excision of skin cancer with a safety margin to prevent recurrences.
Patients and method: this is a retrospective cross-sectional study that included 679 patients was done in Azadi Teaching Hospital in Duhok by retrieving and reviewing the histopathological reports of patients who proved to have skin cancer from the central lab of Duhok city for 10 years from January 2011 till January 2020.
The parameters sought included age, gender, symptoms, site of the lesion, type of the lesion, safety margins, and the histopathological type. The parameters were expressed in percentages and frequencies.
Result: The mean age of the involved patients was 60.44% years, with slight male predominance. The majority of patients had ulcerated type of lesions 52.7% and the majority of them were in the regions of head and neck 88.36%.
In most of the patient the symptoms not reported 89.5%. Non-healing ulcer was the most common symptom 4.6% The mean size of the lesions was less than 2 cm. Basal cell carcinoma was the most common pathological type 61%, and majority of the lesions were completely excised 61.9%
Conclusion: basal cell carcinoma is the commonest skin malignancy in our locality, Complete excision of skin malignancies from all margins and from the depth of the lesion is mandatory to prevent recurrence of the cancer.